Resolution of the Council of Elders of Turkmenistan declared the year 2015 a Year of Neutrality and Peace. The year 2015 marks the 20th anniversary of the recognition by the international community of the legal status of permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan in accordance with the United Nations General Assembly Resolution.
For the first time in the history of the United Nations General Assembly, the adoption of a Special Resolution on 12 December 1995, entitled "On the Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan" became a recognition of the peaceful foreign policy of Turkmenistan and an approval of the authoritative role of this country as a state that can make a worthy contribution to the peaceful development of international relations and ensuring universal security and steady progress.
Turkmenistan's neutrality is a phenomenon which opened a new page in the history of neutrality as an institution of the systems of international relations. If earlier neutrality status of countries, such as Switzerland, has been linked to the circumstances and the contradictions of wartime, the so-called "right to war", and obligations of neutral states in times of peace were not covered by international legal regulations, then Turkmen neutrality model assumes that contemporary international law is the law of peace, and that constantly, a neutral state must adhere to its status not only in wartime, but also in peacetime. As a new phenomenon in international legal practice, Turkmen neutrality suggested the international community to fundamentally change the global development paradigm, having become the basis of a new concept of cooperation and achievement of world peace.
The unprecedented nature of Turkmenistan's neutrality is both in its international legal registration, approved and supported by the international community, and in practice of implementation of the foreign policy of the country, and in a harmonious combination of national and international interests, adjacent to its characteristic from the start. Having made a historical choice in favor of neutrality, the young state has shown an example of a responsible approach not only to the fate of its people, who were provided with favorable external conditions for development, but also to peace and security by creating a zone of stability and constructive cooperation in the troubled Central Asian region.
The international legal status of permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan is enshrined in its current Constitution and the special resolution 50/80 of the General Assembly of 12 December 1995 "A Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan", is supported by a number of documents of international organizations and bilateral agreements, statements, declarations, as well as communiqués signed with other countries. Thus, Article 6 of the Constitution states: "In its foreign policy, as a full subject of the international community, Turkmenistan pursues principles of permanent neutrality, non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries, non-use of force and non-participation in military blocs and alliances, and promotion of peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations with the countries of the region and countries around the world. And UN General Assembly resolution, entitled " A Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan" says that the UN General Assembly "1. Recognizes and supports the status of permanent neutrality, declared by Turkmenistan; 2. Calls upon States Members of the United Nations to respect and support this status of Turkmenistan and also to respect its independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity”.
In his letter to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on the occasion of the fifteenth anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan in December 2010, the UN Secretary-General said, "It was a historic day for the people of Turkmenistan and the unique achievement of the foreign policy of the Government of this country. Turkmenistan has not only made a strategic decision to obtain the status of permanent neutrality, but also made a public commitment to develop harmonious relationships with neighboring countries and to promote international peace and security on a global scale".