On 17 May 2013 the UN General Assembly unanimously passed the resolution “Reliable and Stable Transit of Energy Resources and Its Role in Ensuring Sustainable Development and International Cooperation” that was put forward by President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. The resolution was cosponsored by 71 UN member states.
In fact, the UN resolution that was initiated by the President of Turkmenistan marks a new stage in promoting the idea of broad international cooperation in the energy sector, in which Turkmenistan stands as an innovator. As is known, in 2007, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov put forward the idea of establishing an international mechanism to ensure energy security on a global scale. The most important step in this context was the adoption of the UN General Assembly resolution in December 2008 that actually marked the beginning of broad international discussions of this problem. In accordance with the provisions of this document, in April 2009 Ashgabat hosted a high-level international conference titled “Reliable and Stable Transit of Energy and Its Role in Sustainable Development and International Cooperation.”
The Conference participants fully supported the idea of the President of Turkmenistan to establish, as the first step, an international expert group to advise on development of a future international legal instrument on transit of energy resources, taking into account the proposals of interested countries and international organizations.
The subsequent course of events proved that all UN member states fully support the initiative on ensuring global energy security and express readiness to work with Turkmenistan on its implementation.
This is now evidenced by the adoption on 17 May 2013 of the UN General Assembly resolution “Reliable and Stable Transit of Energy Resources and Its Role in Ensuring Sustainable Development and International Cooperation”.